Gandhi`s motivations for reaching a pact with Lord Irwin, the viceroy, are the best to understand in his technique. The satyagraha movements are commonly referred to as “fighting,” “rebellions” and “wars without violence.” However, because of the common connotation of these remarks, they seemed to disproportionately underline the negative aspect of the movements, namely the opposition and the conflict. However, the purpose of satyagraha was not to obtain the physical elimination or moral collapse of an opponent, but to initiate a psychological process that could allow the mind and heart to meet, blowing on his hands. In such a struggle, a compromise with an adversary was neither cresie nor betrayal, but a natural and necessary step. If it turned out that the compromise was premature and the adversary was not repentant, there was nothing to prevent the Satyagrahi from returning to the nonviolent struggle. The Muslim leaders present at the conference were Muhammad Ali, Agha Khan, Fazlul Haq and Jinnah. The result of the third roundtable conference was the Government`s White Paper. On the basis of this document, the Government of India Act 1935 was to be adopted. The “Gandhi-Irwin Pact” was a political agreement signed by Mahatma Gandhi and Lord Irwin, Viceroy of India, on March 5, 1931, before the second round table in London. [1] Previously, in October 1929, Lord Irwin, the viceroy, had announced a vague offer of “status of domination” for British occupied India in an unspecified future and a round table to discuss a future Constitution.

[2] The second round table was held in London from September to December 1931. Mr. Gandhi participated, on behalf of the Indian National Congress, in a very formal meeting with Lord Irwin to negotiate the terms of constitutional reforms. On March 5, 1931, the pact between M.K. Gandhi and Lord Irwin, the Viceroy of India, was signed. The pact allowed the British government to grant some requirements, which were mentioned below: the Gandhi-Irwin Pact was signed between Mahatma Gandhi and Lord Irwin, then Viceroy of India, on March 5, 1931. Gandhiji was authorized by the then President of the Congress, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, to negotiate with Lord Irwin. Gandhiji said he would participate in the conference in the true spirit of a Satyagrahi. He advised the nation to wait, watch, pray and hope for a better prospect for India. He was full of admiration for the people, their heroic struggle and their hard sorrow. Although many were displeased that Gandhiji stopped his movement, especially when people were in a high spirit of victory, he had a different perspective.

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